[27] According to some versions of this story, Thetis had already killed several sons in this manner, and Peleus' action therefore saved his son's life. Odysseus and his men were blown far off course to lands unknown to the Achaeans; there Odysseus had many adventures, including the famous encounter with the Cyclops Polyphemus, and an audience with the seer Teiresias in Hades. Deiphobus prevailed, and Helenus abandoned Troy for Mt. At some point in the war Achilles and Ajax were playing a board game (petteia). [157][177], The gods were very angry over the destruction of their temples and other sacrilegious acts by the Achaeans, and decided that most would not return home. Menelaus's brother Agamemnon, king of Mycenae, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years because of Paris' insult. At Cumae, the Sibyl leads Aeneas on an archetypal descent to the underworld, where the shade of his dead father serves as a guide; this book of the Aeneid directly influenced Dante, who has Virgil act as his narrator's guide. [198] According to some stories the Helen who was taken by Paris was a fake, and the real Helen was in Egypt, where she was reunited with Menelaus. But on those who were born of immortals and of mankind verily Zeus laid toil and sorrow upon sorrow. Iphigenie wurde daraufhin nach Tauris einführt.2, Nach der Opferhandlung konnte die griechische Flotte unter günstigem Wind nach Troja übersegeln. Though these poems survive only in fragments, their content is known from a summary included in Proclus' Chrestomathy. According to Pindar, the decision was made by secret ballot among the Achaeans. Some of the others include Troades by Euripides, Troilus and Criseyde by Geoffrey Chaucer, Troilus and Cressida by William Shakespeare, Iphigenia and Polyxena by Samuel Coster, Palamedes by Joost van den Vondel and Les Troyens by Hector Berlioz. W. Kullmann (1960), Il.11.767–770, (lines rejected by Aristophanes and Aristarchus). Agamemnon gilt in der griechischen Mythologie als Oberbefehlshaber der Griechen im Trojanischen Krieg und war Herrscher von Mykene. [66] According to some versions, Agamemnon relented and performed the sacrifice, but others claim that he sacrificed a deer in her place, or that at the last moment, Artemis took pity on the girl, and took her to be a maiden in one of her temples, substituting a lamb. Nachdem dessen Frau Helena vom Trojaner Paris geraubt worden war, bat er seinen Bruder um Hilfe [Raub der Helena]. Dort wurde er von seiner Frau Klytaimnestra und Aigisthos im Bad getötet. Enraged at the dishonour Agamemnon had inflicted upon him, Achilles decided he would no longer fight. After the withdrawal of Achilles, the Achaeans were initially successful. [84] The Achaeans buried him as a god on the Thracian peninsula, across the Troad. [131] When Achilles' armour was offered to the smartest warrior, the two that had saved his body came forward as competitors. Ida. [214] As for the exact day Ephorus gives 23/24 Thargelion (May 6 or 7), Hellanicus 12 Thargelion (May 26)[215] while others give the 23rd of Sciroforion (July 7) or the 23rd of Ponamos (October 7). Der Trojanische Krieg ist ein wichtiger Teil der griechischen Mythologie. Odysseus' ten-year journey home to Ithaca was told in Homer's Odyssey. Menelaus was a political choice on her father's part. Anlass dafür war die gefangene Chryseis, die Agamemnon nicht an ihren Vater zurückgeben wollte. With the assistance of Athena, Diomedes then wounded the gods Aphrodite and Ares. They consisted of 28 contingents from mainland Greece, the Peloponnese, the Dodecanese islands, Crete, and Ithaca, comprising 1186 pentekonters, ships with 50 rowers. Here were men lying quelled by bitter death He was killed, either at a feast or in his bath,[200] according to different versions. Chr. [134] Sinon, an Achaean spy, signaled the fleet stationed at Tenedos when "it was midnight and the clear moon was rising"[162] and the soldiers from inside the horse emerged and killed the guards.[163]. [105], Near the end of the ninth year since the landing, the Achaean army, tired from the fighting and from the lack of supplies, mutinied against their leaders and demanded to return to their homes. Euripides started changing Greek myths at will, including those of the Trojan War. [174] They (by usual tradition Neoptolemus) also sacrificed the Trojan princess Polyxena on the grave of Achilles as demanded by his ghost, either as part of his spoil or because she had betrayed him.