[45] He also wrote in his autobiography released the same year that he sang the tune "The Motherland Hears, The Motherland Knows" ("Родина слышит, Родина знает") during re-entry. [69] He was also grounded from flying aircraft solo, a demotion he worked hard to lift. The Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City was named on 30 April 1968. Kamanin had opposed Gagarin's reassignment to cosmonaut training; he had gained weight and his flying skills had deteriorated. After completing training at the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy on 17 February 1968, he was allowed to fly regular aircraft. [11][13] He earned extra money as a part-time dock labourer on the Volga River. Zoals gepland landde Gagarin apart van zijn capsule aan een parachute, na op 7 km hoogte zijn capsule verlaten te hebben. Ook zijn copiloot kwam hierbij om het leven. [123], Gagarin is memorialised in music; a cycle of Soviet patriotic songs titled The Constellation Gagarin (Созвездье Гагарина, Sozvezdie Gagarina) was written by Aleksandra Pakhmutova and Nikolai Dobronravov in 1970–1971. März 1968 bei Nowosjolowo, Oblast Wladimir, Russische SFSR, Sowjetunion) war ein sowjetischer Kosmonaut und der erste Mensch im Weltraum. [131] A Russian docudrama titled Gagarin: First in Space was released in 2013. Juri Alexejewitsch Gagarin - Bonn, NRW, Germany. [115] A street in Warsaw, Poland, is called Yuri Gagarin Street. [41][42] The five first-stage engines fired until the first separation event, when the four side-boosters fell away, leaving the core engine. Mäerz 1934 zu Kluschino bei Gjatsk an der Sowjetunioun, a gestuerwen de 27. Hij bezocht Italië, Duitsland, Canada, Brazilië, Japan, Egypte, het Verenigd Koninkrijk, Finland en Cuba[2] om de prestaties van de Sovjet-Unie te promoten. [2] His parents worked on a collective farm[3]—Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin as a carpenter and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina as a dairy farmer. He also trained for the upcoming flight by experiencing g-forces in a centrifuge. [107][108] President Jânio Quadros of Brazil decorated Gagarin on 2 August 1961 with the Order of Aeronautical Merit, Commander grade. [20][c] Gagarin began training at the Khodynka Airfield in downtown Moscow on 15 March 1960. Since 1962, it has been celebrated in the USSR and most of its former territories as Cosmonautics Day. Beside the column is a replica of the descent module used during his spaceflight. De familie mocht een lemen hutje bouwen op het land achter hun huis. [129] The Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft was named Gagarin with the launch in April 2011 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of his mission. [74] She was a medical technician who had graduated from Orenburg Medical School. Zijn as werd bijgezet in de Kremlinmuur. A film titled First Orbit was shot from the International Space Station, combining sound recordings from the original flight with footage of the route taken by Gagarin. Op 5 november 1957 werd hij luitenant en op 6 november 1959 kreeg hij de rang van senior luitenant. [9] His two older siblings were deported by the Germans to Poland for slave labour in 1943 and did not return until after the war in 1945. The core stage then separated while the rocket was in a suborbital trajectory, and the upper stage carried it to orbit. [122] Gagarin was inducted as a member of the 1976 inaugural class of the International Space Hall of Fame in New Mexico. ", Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union, Order of the Flag of the Republic of Hungary, "Yuri Gagarin's Klushino: forgotten home of space legend", "Yuri Gagarin: the man who fell to Earth", "First man of Space – the flight and plight of Yuri Gagarin", "How bright it is – how incredibly beautiful! [99] On 15 April, the Soviet Academy of Sciences awarded him with the Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Gold Medal, named after the Russian pioneer of space aeronautics. [67] Despite their best efforts, Soyuz 1 crash landed after its parachutes failed to open, killing Komarov instantly. Kosmonautentrainingscentrum Joeri Gagarin, Video: Gagarin maakt de eerste bemande ruimtevlucht (BBC), "Joeri Gagarin kwam om door andere piloot", https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Joeri_Gagarin&oldid=57364058, Wikipedia:Lokale afbeelding anders dan op Wikidata, Wikipedia:Commonscat met lokaal zelfde link als op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen. [24] In April 1960, they began parachute training in Saratov Oblast and each completed about 40 to 50 jumps from both low and high altitude, over both land and water. [70] On 17 February 1968, Gagarin successfully defended his aerospace engineering thesis on the subject of spaceplane aerodynamic configuration and graduated cum laude from the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy. Op 1 augustus 1971 plaatsten David Scott en James Irwin van Apollo 15 de Fallen Astronaut (Gevallen ruimtevaarder) op het maanoppervlak, ter nagedachtenis aan alle Amerikaanse en Russische ruimtevaarders die tijdens de ruimtewedloop omkwamen, naast Joeri Gagarin nog 14 anderen. The documents revealed that the commission's original conclusion was that Gagarin or Seryogin had manoeuvred sharply, either to avoid a weather balloon or to avoid "entry into the upper limit of the first layer of cloud cover", leading the jet into a "super-critical flight regime and to its stalling in complex meteorological conditions". [17] On 7 July 1959, he was rated Military Pilot 3rd Class. Despite this, he remained a strong contender for Soyuz 1 until he was replaced by Komarov in April 1966 and reassigned to Soyuz 3. Gagarin maakte vervolgens deel uit van een elitegroep bestaande uit zes piloten, waaruit de eerste kosmonauten van het Vostokprogramma zouden worden gekozen. Hierop werd Gagarin adjunct-directeur van het opleidingscentrum in Sterrenstad. [72] He was also a basketball fan and coached the Saratov Industrial Technical School team, as well as being a referee. After a short speech, he was bestowed the Hero of the Soviet Union,[98][99] Order of Lenin,[98] Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union[100] and the first Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR. [58] On 22 October 1963, Gagarin and Valentina Tereshkova were honoured with the Order of Karl Marx from the German Democratic Republic. On 17 January, they were tested in a simulator at the M. M. Gromov Flight-Research Institute on a full-size mockup of the Vostok capsule. [41][124] He was the inspiration for the pieces "Hey Gagarin" by Jean-Michel Jarre on Métamorphoses, "Gagarin" by Public Service Broadcasting, and "Gagarin, I loved you" by Undervud. Juri Alexejewitsch Gagarin (russisch Юрий Алексеевич Гагарин; wiss. Deze vlucht vond plaats ondanks Gagarins protesten dat er extra maatregelen nodig waren om de veiligheid te waarborgen. Geburtstag: 9. [59] Because of his popularity, US president John F. Kennedy barred Gagarin from visiting the United States. [132], There are statues of Gagarin and monuments to him located in the town named after him as well as in Orenburg, Cheboksary, Irkutsk, Izhevsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and Yoshkar-Ola in Russia, as well as in Nicosia, Cyprus, Druzhkivka, Ukraine, Karaganda, Kazakhstan, and Tiraspol, Moldova. Een officier vorderde het huis van de Gagarins. Fearing for his life, Soviet officials permanently banned Gagarin from further spaceflights. Vostok 1 was Gagarin's only spaceflight but he served as the backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission, which ended in a fatal crash, killing his friend and fellow cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov. Gagarin en de andere kandidaten werden onderworpen aan experimenten om hun fysieke en psychologische gesteldheid te testen. Op 12 april 1961 werd hij de eerste mens in de ruimte aan boord van Vostok 1.[1]. The investigation concluded Gagarin's aircraft entered a spin, either due to a bird strike or because of a sudden move to avoid another aircraft. [127], Two commemorative coins were issued in the Soviet Union to honour the 20th and 30th anniversaries of his flight: a one-ruble coin in copper-nickel (1981) and a three-ruble coin in silver (1991). Juri Alexejewitsch Gagarin is on Facebook. [140][141] Belgrade City Manager Goran Vesic stated that neither the city, the Serbian Ministry of Culture, nor the foundation that financed it had prior knowledge of the design.